Western Philosophy is considered to be born out of wonder (Plato) about the Universe and man. On the other hand, Eastern Philosophy is generally understood to be more practically oriented, to inquire into human suffering and how to alleviate it, and to emphasize harmonious living of human beings.
It is widely acknowledged that many lessons from ancient philosophy are important in today’s management environment. Consistency, Self-knowledge, Fairness, Self-discipline, Thrift, responsibility for our actions and their effects on others, and ability to lead by example are values and principles dominant both to ancient Greek and Chinese philosophy, while they also constitute core characteristics that organizations and business leaders should manifest today.
We generally look for solutions to such problems by trying to adopt models which have been developed by researchers in modern times i.e. primarily in this century. A person’s particular style of leadership is greatly influenced by the core values most important to that individual, as well as by one’s assumptions and beliefs. In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, these ideas have acquired even greater importance, as significant changes are taking place in the global economy, in the organization of enterprises, in the behavior of managers, as well as in management education. Management of resources, personnel, and enterprises as a whole is becoming a very challenging task in today’s world, as the world is becoming flat. Management as a science is also developing at a rapid pace. New concepts and theories are being developed to suit the requirements of the changing needs necessitated by this process of globalization. The political, economic, business, finance, and social environments are also changing at an equally rapid pace. Thus, today’s manager has to keep pace not only with the changing environments, but be in touch with the expanding horizons of knowledge in his respective managerial area. This rapidly changing canvas coupled with the associated problems makes the task of the modern manager daunting.
The website identifies the depth and value of philosophy in the real world business and management practices. Extracting insights from Philosophy and incorporating them on our real work arena has tremendous impact on personal and business leadership. Philosophy offers new ground, integrated centuries of thought and knowledge into a coherent easily understandable and practical guide on how to lead your life, manage your business, and to lead.
Focusing on central management areas, we can develop and innovative approaches to management and leadership inspired by or in any other way enlightened by philosophical considerations both from the Eastern and from Western schools of thought. We can aim to bring to the surface key ideas of ancient philosophy and history, and identify how these relate to modern management and leadership in a cross-cultural perspective. Managers, policy makers, and educators will significantly benefit by identifying how substantial improvements in management and leadership practices can be achieved with leadership lessons from philosophy.
We can examine the characteristics of philosophy and determine its relevance towards enhancing managerial effectiveness. We must learn to look inwards. We must draw insights from philosophy and come up with the solutions to our problems. In this context, the philosophy is treasure house of knowledge that we possess is in our scriptures. If we explore these treatises of knowledge, we will definitely be able to find a solution to all our present day problems. Thus we must not only use these principles to solve our problems, but also let the world get enlightened by this vast sea of knowledge gathered over the centuries and left for us to benefit from.
Any student of Management who has seen the trends in the last 40 years will find that from time to time there seems to have been an intersection of management concepts with spiritual or non-material concepts. Quality, which incidentally is a non-material value though it has material manifestation measured in terms of quality standards. Quality was the basis on which the organizations compete in the market place.
Then while trying to explain the success of the organizations the cultural issue of how the society was molded by the teachings of individual beliefs come into focus. These emphasized that the community was above that of the individual’s interest.. Personal values being more important and a significant factor behind the success of the organizations. The success in the market place based on values was recognized. We need to understand the intersection between the social values and management practices and how values can lead to successful management practices. Philosophy advocates development of the individual holistically. Thus, his spiritual growth is not diverse from the individual’s Professional growth.
Philosophical counsellors use philosophical skills and insights to help clients resolve
issues in their personal and professional lives. Various modes and methodologies may be employed.
Philosophical counsellors apply critical thinking techniques to help clients make sense of any issues that are unclear or are causing confusion. They can also provide guidance and insight on questions that are traditionally philosophical, ethical or existential in nature, such as: the value of human life and relationships; conceptions of happiness and fulfilment; conflicting moral values; explanation and justification; and choice and responsibility, amongst many others. Some counsellors may additionally offer tuition on philosophical methods, or coaching in decision-making techniques.
Philosophical counselling can have profound psychological benefits. Counsellors engage in dialogue about personal problems, predicaments and values, addressing the
issues of concern in a professional and respectful manner and reflecting on the best ways to act or adjust. Often philosophical progress can alleviate the sources of stress and anxiety more directly than courses of medication or programmes of psychotherapy. For many people, this is a personal breakthrough.
Some philosophical counsellors also help people expand their horizons by developing
a unique personal worldview and philosophy of life. The discussions may invoke profound issues such as metaphysics, transcendence, and spirituality, and explore complex debates between differing political convictions, religious and atheistic worldviews, and personal conceptions of reality and meaning. The philosophical counsellor acts as a guide and companion on this personal quest for wisdom and self-actualisation. The process is suitable for people who seek philosophical or spiritual enlightenment but are dissatisfied with traditional or new-age doctrines.
Potential clients for philosophical counselling must be prepared to examine and challenge their own ideas and reasoning processes, and seek to establish an adequate
justification for their beliefs. The philosophical counsellor is trained to assist this process with patience and respect.